In business, a diet (ˌd͡z ˈd͡z/ˈd͡z ˈdeːd/): in its general usage, a formal deliberative assembly; in political terminology, an elected body, usually an executive body, which is elected by the people. The term is used historically to denote executive bodies, like the German Reichstag (the constitutional body of the Federal Republic of Germany), and also in modern-day governmental bodies such as the United States Senate (an elected body of representatives and elected officers) and the House of Representatives (a legislative body).
The second meaning of diet is ‘an annual meeting of delegates to a congress or meeting of some kind, usually held to decide some sort of important issue.’ In other words, it means an annual meeting where delegates from different nations come together for a specific purpose.
In the realm of international relations, the term may also be used to indicate a meeting of representatives in order to discuss a particular subject. The purpose of these meetings, according to experts, is to bring people of different countries together in order to share information about their various concerns, as well as to address potential problems that might arise between countries. For example, the United Nations General Assembly has meetings on international security and peacekeeping, while the United States and United Kingdom have special meetings to discuss certain aspects of economic policy.
Different nations have different reasons for having a regular meeting of their Diet. For example, Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Japan, Poland, Spain, and Russia often have a meeting of their Diet to discuss issues concerning their national interests and to discuss issues which affect those of other countries. These meetings are often attended by people who represent many different countries, all of whom work in different fields, and are therefore not limited by any formal language barriers.
Although popular belief holds that the Diet meets in order to discuss national issues, in fact it meets to discuss issues concerning the entire population of its nation. A meeting of this nature is often referred to as an extraordinary session, because unlike the regular sessions, there is no single person who represents the entire population. in this special meeting.
Many countries elect their national government representatives to the Diet by using a vote. Others elect their members of national parliament through a special election process. Some nations, including Russia, Canada, Mexico, and New Zealand, use a combination of these methods.