In nutrition, food intake is considered the amount of food eaten by an individual or other living organism. Food consumption refers to how many times an organism eats food in a day. Food is either ingested directly or it is metabolized by the body. Intake of food is measured in grams per minute and the metabolism refers to how fast the food is broken down into useful substances. The three major types of diets are: general-care, diabetic and pregnant.
General-care diets include low fat, low cholesterol, whole grains, low fat dairy products, fish, fruits and vegetables. General-care diets are low in calories but can be high in carbohydrates and protein. General-care diets can also contain less saturated fat and saturated and trans fats are not included in these diets.
Diabetic diets include low fat, low cholesterol, high fiber and fruit and vegetables. These diets should be low in calories as well as sodium. Low carb diets involve the substitution of white bread for whole grain bread, oatmeal and pasta. Carbohydrates are combined with healthy proteins such as eggs, lean meat, beans, nuts, beans and tofu.
Pregnancy diet includes low fat, low cholesterol, fruit and vegetables. During pregnancy, foods that are high in saturated fat should be avoided. Foods that are high in calcium and iron should be eaten as part of a healthy pregnancy diet. Fruits, vegetables and meats should all be part of a healthy diet for the expecting mother.
Pregnant women should be aware that there are no restrictions on the number of servings per day. There are also no dietary limits on the quantity of vitamin and mineral supplements taken during pregnancy.
If you choose to consume a low calorie diet, do so in moderation and remember that it is recommended that you limit your daily caloric intake and that you exercise at least thirty minutes a day. Also make sure you eat a wide variety of foods, especially if you are trying to lose weight.
A high fiber diet will help the baby maintain a constant acid level within the body and this will help reduce the risk of having a preterm delivery. Preterm deliveries are a common cause of SIDS and low fiber foods are believed to be a factor.
Most pregnant women are aware of the importance of a balanced diet in maintaining a healthy pregnancy and a healthy lifestyle. It is important to discuss any dietary changes you want to make with your doctor and they may even have suggestions about adding vitamins and minerals to your diet to help your body to remain healthy.
Most pregnant women are happy with the way their pregnancy went and although some are concerned about the effects their diet has on their babies, most are content with their decision. Most doctors encourage healthy eating habits for pregnant women and will not interfere with them.